Caring for Your Dry Eyes

Caring for Your Dry Eyes

Dec 01, 2020

The eyes are one of the most vital sense organs. The eyes house a set of delicate optic nerves and blood vessels that are responsible for vision. Almost 80% of what you perceive is received through sight. Unlike most other body parts, the eyes are more delicate amongst external organs and need more care and protection. By protecting your eyes, you can reduce the chances of vision loss and blindness. Proper care of the eyes can also prevent cataracts and glaucoma.

The Structure of Eye

The eye is responsible for human vision and insight. The eye comprises different pars that continually adjust the amount of light entering the eye, focuses on near and far objects, and produce continuous images instantly transmitted to the brain.

The orbit is the bony cavity that houses the eyeball, muscles, and the delicate blood capillaries and optic nerves. Any injury to the orbit might cause ocular surface disease. The outer covering of the eyeball is a tough white layer called the sclera. The sclera is covered by conjunctiva, which is a transparent layer protecting the eyeball.

Light passes through the cornea, which is the curved clear layer, before entering the pupil. The pupil is the black dot placed in the middle of your eye. Iris is the circular colored area surrounding the pupil that controls the amount of light entering the eye.

The retina is sensitive to light cells, and the macula is the most sensitive part of the retina that is packed with numerous cones or photoreceptors. Cones are responsible for sharp vision, while the rods help in peripheral and night vision.

Ocular Surface Disorder

The ocular surface comprises of conjunctiva, cornea, eyelids, and lacrimal glands, and any disorder to any of these structures is known as ocular surface disease. Due to a lack of proper understanding and diagnosis, most of the ocular surface disorders get unnoticed and untreated. If left untreated, these disorders can prove to be detrimental to your eyes.

The two main components of the ocular surface disease are dry eye syndrome and blepharitis. Dry eye syndrome is a collection of disorders of the tear film and tears glands that are caused due to a decreased or increased rate of tear evaporation.

Risk Factor

Dry eye syndrome can occur to anyone, but people

  • In the increased age group
  • Female gender
  • With connective tissue disorders
  • Diabetic patients
  • With prior LASIK patients
  • Undergoing chemotherapy
  • Wearing contact lens
  • Eating a diet low in Vitamin A
  • Having a previous medical history of refractive surgery
  • Exposure to prolonged hours in front of a computer

are more prone to be affected by the ocular surface disorder. Dry eyes irritate the eyes, reduced eyeballs, and pain in the eyes. Allergic conjunctivitis can also lead to dry eye syndrome. Certain medical conditions as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, or Sjogren’s syndrome can also make the eyes dry and eventually lead to ocular surface diseases.


The primary symptoms might be confused with any other eye disorder and characterized by blurry vision, reddening the eyes. In advanced stages, you might visualize an inflammatory component in almost all sight. Conjunctival infection, redness and swelling of the eyelids, conjunctival swellings, and dilatation of conjunctival blood vessels can also be experienced.

Sensitivity to light, difficulties in wearing contact lenses, difficulties in driving at night, stringy mucous around the eyes, scratchy sensation in the eyes, and eye fatigue are some of the other ocular surface disease symptoms.

Prevention of Ocular Surface Disease

Dry eye therapy and treating ocular surface disease in Chevy Chase, MD can be done at Chevy Chase Eyecare, which provides comprehensive eye care to treat dry eyes. You can also try:

  • Avoiding directly blowing into your eyes
  • Taking breaks during long hours in front of a computer
  • Consider using protective eyewear or sunglasses
  • Stop smoking and avoid smoke
  • Use artificial or prescribed tears or eyedrops
  • Avoid deserts, high altitude, as air is arid in such places.

Consulting the Ophthalmologist

At Chevy Chase Eyecare, we offer comprehensive eye care with the latest technology. With our myopia control and multi-focal lens specialty care, you can expect state-of-art eye care. Our bilingual staff is ready to answer all your medical needs. Our new office is located within a medical building, making it easy to coordinate with other physicians. You can book an appointment and experience the difference.

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