Binocular Vision Dysfunction: What It Is and How It Is Treated

Binocular Vision Dysfunction: What It Is and How It Is Treated

Feb 01, 2021

Binocular vision dysfunction is an eye problem associated with visual misalignment. When you have such a condition, you can see correctly with one open but not with the two. You might think one of your eyes has a problem, but it is a mutual disconnect between the two. How they function together is the actual problem.

The visual condition can be hereditary. However, one can suffer damage to the muscles or nerves that control the eyes, especially when they experience a head injury. Therefore, you should consider seeking treatments for the condition to restore the functions of your eye muscles and eliminate your symptoms.

Symptoms of Binocular Vision Dysfunction

Some of the warning signs of binocular vision dysfunction that might compel you to visit an eye doctor in Chevy Chase include:

  • Frequent headaches around the front lobe, near the temples, and behind the eyes
  • Difficulties reading
  • Double vision
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Trouble adapting to a new pair of glasses
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Neck pain
  • Trouble sleeping

When you have binocular vision dysfunction, you might experience dizziness whereby you have a drunken feeling and off-balance. Visual vertigo is also associated with binocular vision dysfunction. You might experience sensitivity to motion with BVD. However, visual vertigo is a condition on its own.

Types of Binocular Vision Dysfunction

There are two types of binocular dysfunction that you experience, which includes:

Vertical Heterophoria

Vertical heterophoria is a condition that affects how your eyes work hand in hand, especially in one direction. The condition can cause symptoms such as dizziness, focus issues, visual vertigo, and difficulties reading.

Superior Oblique Palsy

Superior oblique palsy is also referred to as the fourth or trochlear nerve palsy. You might be born with the condition or caused by an injury such as a concussion. Children with the disorder tend to tilt their heads to compensate for the torsional or vertical imbalance of their eyes.

Convergence Insufficiency

Convergence insufficiency is a binocular vision disorder characterized by your eyes’ inability to work together when looking at near objects. The condition causes one eye to turn outwards instead of inwards, causing double or blurred vision.

The type of binocular vision disorder is common among school-going children and adolescents and is characterized by the inability to read. Teachers might assume that the child has learning difficulties. Therefore, it is advisable to take your child to the eye doctor near you for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Eye Doctor Near You

If you or your child is experiencing the above symptoms, you can visit our eye doctor at Chevy Chase Eyecare for proper diagnosis and treatments and enjoy the benefits of early therapy.


Binocular vision disorder causes eyes strains and makes it difficult to perform simple tasks. Therefore, you should seek diagnosis and treatments from an eye doctor near you.

During the diagnosis procedure, the doctor might evaluate your family’s medical history since the eye problem can be inheritable. Therefore, the specialist might ask you some questions about your family history of binocular vision disorders.

When diagnosing binocular vision dysfunction in Chevy Chase, MD, the doctor will begin by checking the symptoms. To avoid misdiagnosis, the eye doctor will assess the following:

  • Accommodation or focusing
  • Depth perception
  • Eye convergence
  • Ocular motility
  • Fusion
  • Any other condition that might affect binocular vision
  • Visual perception and processing
  • Stereopsis and visual-motor integration

Treatment Options for Binocular Vision Dysfunction

If you have a binocular vision disorder inherited and doesn’t show symptoms, the doctor might recommend regular comprehensive eye exams. In such a case, you will not require treatments. When you have a binocular vision disorder, your eye doctor might recommend special eyeglasses or contact lenses.

Sometimes the doctor might recommend prism glasses to correct your vision. If the muscles and nerves that control binocular vision are not fully developed or damaged, the specialist will recommend the prism glasses to relax the muscles gradually.

You can wear prismatic lenses for two to four weeks. Wearing the lenses will promote progressive relaxation. After removing the prismatic lenses, the patient can accept the correct prism needed to treat the condition. The prismatic lenses can reduce the symptoms by 80 percent, which is a significant improvement.

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